Synapse Pain & Spine Clinic

Knee Pain

Knee Pain

Knee Pain Treatment in Chennai

Knee Pain | Knee Osteoarthritis

Adults commonly complain of knee pain, including general wear and tear of the cartilage in the knee. Knee pain is most commonly caused by age, injury, or repeated stress on the knee. In patients 50+, osteoarthritis is the most common reason for knee pain.


Knee pain can vary in location and severity, depending on its cause. Here are some symptoms and signs to watch for:

  • A stiff and swollen Knee
  • Warmth and redness to the touch
  • There is a weakness or instability
  • Crackling or popping noises
  • Having trouble fully extending your knee
  • Holding weights is difficult
  • Inability to walk or climb stairs due to ligament damage 

There are several causes of chronic knee pain, including:

  • Pain that never goes away
  • When you move your knee, there is a sharp, shooting pain
  • An unpleasant burning sensation


Injury, mechanical problems, osteoarthritis, and many other problems can lead to knee pain.


Injuries to your knee can affect bone, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, or fluid-filled sacs (bursae) around your knee joint. A number of common knee injuries include the following:

  • ACL injury
  • Broken bones. 
  • Meniscal tear.
  • Bursitis in the knee. 
  • Patellar tendinitis. 

Mechanical problems

Mechanical problems can cause knee pain, such as:

  • The knee joint can be restricted by loose bone or cartilage in the Free Space.
  • Iliotibial band syndrome.
  • Kneecap dislocated. 
  • Trauma involving the hip or foot. 

Arthritis types

Arthritis of the knee may include the following: 

  • Osteoarthritis. 
  • Rheumatoid arthritis. 
  • Gout. 
  • Pseudogout. 
  • Septic arthritis.

Other issues

Patellofemoral pain occurs when pain is felt between the kneecap and the thigh bone underneath. Often, the condition affects athletes and young adults who don’t track their kneecaps properly, as well as older adults who develop it because of kneecap arthritis.

Risk factors

Several factors, including: can cause knee problems

  • Weight gain. 
  • Instability or weakness of muscles. 
  • Sports or occupations in certain fields. 
  • Injuries previously sustained. 

When to visit a doctor

If you experience any of the following symptoms, contact your doctor.

  • The knee cannot support your weight.
  • Knees are swollen significantly.
  • Having difficulty extending or flexing your knee fully.
  • The leg or knee has an obvious deformity.
  • Your knee is swollen, red and painful, along with a fever.
  • There is a buckle, click, or lock in your knee.
  • A calf below the sore knee is painful, swollen, numb, tingling, or bluish.
  • Even though you’ve been treating yourself at home for three days, you still have pain.


Knee pain is not always serious. If untreated, osteoarthritis and other knee injuries can cause more joint damage and pain. You’re more likely to suffer a similar injury in the future after an injury to your knee, even a minor one. A doctor’s advice is recommended in case it occurs.

Preventive measures

Even though knee pain can’t always be prevented, the following tips may help you avoid injury and joint deterioration:

  • Keeping an appropriate weight is vital since excess weight puts undue pressure on the knees.
  • Warm-Up – Before each sports activity, warm up your muscles
  • Practice perfectly – Seek expert advice before beginning any exercise program or sports activity.
  • Stay Flexible – Include exercises that make your body more flexible in your daily routine.

What are some common knee problems?

Most Knee Problems Occur either due to the Ageing Process (Most Common) or by an Injury or sudden Movement of your Knee.

Among the most common knee injuries are:

  • Strains and/or sprains of the knee muscles and/or ligaments. 
  • Injured cartilage.
  • Tendonitis. 
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis 

How do knee problems get diagnosed?

The treating physician will perform a complete medical history and physical examination. In addition to Imaging Tests, your doctor might also recommend some tests to determine your condition more accurately. Some of these tests may include

  • X-ray
  • Ultrasound.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). 
  • Computed tomography scan 
  • Arthroscopy.
  • Radionuclide bone scan


Conservative Treatments –

  • Use of an ice pack for 15 minutes every hour for three to four hours. 
  • It’s best to wear cushioned, flat shoes that are easy on your feet.
  • You should place pillows on either side of your body if you sleep flat with your stomach in the Top Position as a precaution against rolling onto your side. A pillow between your knees will be helpful if you’re lying on your side.
  • When possible, remain seated. So your knee won’t be pressured.
  • If you are overweight, you should lose weight.

Medications –

Suppose you have arthritis or gout causing knee pain. In that case, your doctor may prescribe medication such as pain relievers or anti-inflammatory medications to help relieve the pain.

Physiotherapy –

The muscles around your knee will become stronger and more stable if you strengthen them by Physical Therapy. Based on the specific condition causing your pain, your doctor may recommend physical therapy or strengthening exercises.

Injections –

To treat your condition, your doctor can recommend injections into your joint. This is recommended if Oral or Topical Medications do not give satisfactory results. Injections can include the following:

  • Hyaluronic acid Injections
  • Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
  • Cooled RF Ablation of Knee Joint

Radiofrequency treatment of the Genicular Nerves of Knee –

The Radiofrequency treatment of the genicular Nerve of Knee is an excellent method of relieving knee pain. They are minimally invasive daycare procedures in the form of injections around the knee. They are useful for patients who do not want to proceed with surgery or are not physically fit. 

Surgical procedures:

Arthroscopic repair –

Younger patients with knee pain may have ligament injuries (ACL and PCL) or meniscus tears. For these patients, arthroscopic repair is the best option. 

Knee Replacement –

It is the last resort for people with knee pain to undergo a total knee replacement. Only in the most severe cases is it recommended.

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